Virtual Museum, Geology
W. Griem, 2017

Geological Tour - Virtual Museum

Content - Geology

www.geovirtual2.cl

Atacama Region - Magmatism - Sedimentología - Metamorfism - Geología Estructural - Paleontology - Actualismo - Mineralizations and AlterationsmineralsIndex of words

1. Introduction to the geology of the Atacama region

Geology virtual

geoKugel en geovirtual2.cl
español - deutsch - english
www.geovirtual2.cl

www.geovirtual-(english)
Contenido - esquema
Virtual Museum Entrance
The Atacama Region
Virtual viewpoint Atacama
The Atacama desert
Atacama in black and white
Maps of Atacama
Rutas de Atacama
La Panamericana en Atacama
Distancias en Atacama
Geology in photos
Animals of the Atacama Desert
Flora del desierto de Atacama
Climate of the Atacama Region
History of Atacama
Mining in Atacama
Railways of Atacama
Aeródromos en Atacama
Cartas históricas de Atacama
Atacama en 3D
Bibliografía / Enlaces Atacama

next page in geovirtual

Others
Timeline Atacama
Mining history of Atacama
The railroad history of Atacama
Flora Atacama
Animals of the Atacama Desert
Geology in photos
Climate of the Atacama Region
The Atacama desert
Virtual viewpoint Atacama
Aeródromos en Atacama

Museum Virtual
Atacama
Travel instructions
Behavior in the desert
Specific terms
The Andes mountains (I)
The Andes mountains (II)
Atacama desert (1)
Atacama desert (2)
Rain in the desert
Flowering desert (1)

Desert & Atacama
Journey to Atacama
Routes of Atacama
Pan-Americana Highway
Distance between ....
Road maps of Atacama
Books of Atacama
Links Atacama
Imágenes 3-dimensionales

Mines and Mining
Mining districts

Mines of Carrera Pinto
Tres Puntas

Historia de las geociencias en figuras y textos
Authors of historical works
1821: Reichetzer
1835: Karl C. Leonhard
1840: Petzholdt
1843: Carl Hartmann
1849: B. Cotta
1851: H. Burmeister
1852: de la Beche
1861: Rudolph Ludwig
1863: Rossmässler
1863: Friedrich Schoedler
1866: Carl Vogt
1867/69: Louis Simonin
1873 Lottner / Serlo
1876/78: Charles Darwin
1877: F. Siegmund
1878: Julius Lippert
1886: Krümmel
1886: F. Freiherr von Richthofen
1891: Hermann Credner
1897: Neumayr
1902: Hippolyt Haas
1908: J. Walther
1910: Eberhard Fraas
1912: E. Kayser

Apuntes de geología, Exploraciones, tectónica
Desierto de Atacama, Chile
Indice de palabras en geología y geociencias
Museo Virtual en Geología
Historia de las geociencias en figuras y textos
Citas y referencias en geología - colección geovirtual.cl

Wolfgang Griem en:
Mail a Wolfgang Griem google perfil Wolfgang Griem Ver el perfil de Wolfgang Griem en LinkedIn

www.geovirtual2.cl
Mail a Wolfgang Griemcorreo electrónico
google perfil Wolfgang GriemAutor info´s aquí: Google+
Ver el perfil de Wolfgang Griem en LinkedInVer el perfil de Wolfgang Griem

General

Summary of the stratigraphy of the Atacama region (General Geology Notes)
Some units of the Atacama Region (General Geology Notes)
Development of the Atacama Region (General Geology Notes)
Geological map of Atacama

1.1. Historical Geology - Focus on Atacama (Chile)

Paleozoic

Permian in general:
Carboniferous

Atacama: Permian granites

Mesozoic:

General Triassic:
Fossils

Triassic Atacama:
Formación La Ternera

Jurassic general: Fossils

Jurassic Atacama: Stratigraphy of the Atacama Region
Formación Lautaro

Cretaceous: Fossils

Cretaceous Atacama:
Stratigraphy of the Atacama Region / Formation PabellónFormation Cerrillos / Formation Qda. Paipote /

Cenozoic:

Tertiary in general: Fósiles

Tertiary in Atacama: / Intrusivas / Gravas Atacama  / Tertiary extrusives  / Fosforitas - litoral

Quaternary in general: cuaternario

Quaternary in Atacama: Dunes and  wind / Coastline and beach / salt flats / Volcanoes

 

2. Magmatism

magmaticos pictograma

2. Igneous or magmatic environment

2.1 Intrusive Rocks

Granite / Orbicular Granite / Sienogranite / Granodiorite / Tonalite / Diorite / GabbroMonzodioriteMonzonite / Dunite / Carbonatite  /

2.2 Hypabyssal rock (subvolcanic rock)

Dike o Dyke / Mafic dykes / Aplites / Salband / Displaced dike / Sample of a Dike /

2.3 Volcanic and Pyroclastic rocks

Texture porfídica / Fluidal TextureLayered Ashes  / basalt columns /
Andesite / Basalt / Riolite / TraquiteIgnimbrites 1  page 2  páge 3/
Pyroclastic (Lahar)  /

2.4 Volcanoes

Activity of Lascar (1989/90) / Volcan Licancabur

2.5 Thermal activity: Geysers

Geysers El Tatio

2.6. Rocks related to magmatism

Hydrothermal breccias/ Pebble Dyke / veins
more information on Mineral Deposits

3. Sedimentary environment

sedimentos pictograma

3.1 Sedimentary rocks:

3.1.1 Clastic rocks

Sand - Sandstone / Arena eólica / Sandstone / Red sandstoneConglomerate / Para- Conglomerate / Sedimentary breccia /

3.1.2 Bio-Chemical, Chemical Rocks

LimestoneOolitic Limestone / Sinter / Radiolarite  / Chert

3.1.3 Biológicas-orgánicas

Lignite  / Coal / Coal seam /

3.2 Sedimentary structures:

3.2.1 Estatification

In general / Cross stratification / graded / Angular Unconformity

3.2.2 Marks

Desiccation crack, mud crack Rain Drops / Desiccation crack, fossil / Two systrems of desiccation crack  / Ripple marcs / Ripple marcs, two directions /

3.2.3 Trace fossil

Bioturbation / labores y conductosDrilling marks /

3.2.3 The river environment

Types of rivers / meandros / Terrazas  /  sand and river terrace  / suspended load  /  river junction ... and at Germany /

3.3 Meteorization - Erosion - Transport - Deposition

3.3.1 Meteorization types

Chemical Weathering / Karren  / franjas de solución química  / Anillos de Liesegang  /  esferoidal en rocas intrusivas / desintegración de Rocas / Granite disaggregation Heatcrack Atacama desert, Chile /

3.3.2 Erosion Structures
Movimiento de masas

Gravitation: Small Landslide / Landslide  / Slumping  / block fieldblock fall  / Mud flow, debris flow  /   Aluvial fan  / Mud flow / Mudflow - Copiapó Differentiated erosion  /
Columnas (pirámides) de erosión /
Water erosion: River Environment / Forces of the sea /
Erosión del viento: Tafoni
Erosión por hielo

3.3.3 Transporte

River environment: / suspended load / suspensión en río grande  / confluence of rivers with different loads
Wind: / Dunes / Sandstorm
The ocean

3.4 Current environments

3.4.1 Aluvión

Small Landslide / Landslide  / Coladas (mar) de bloques / caída de un bloque  / Mud flow, debris flow

3.4.2 Fluvial environment

Types of rivers: braided river / meandering braided / Terrazas  / sand and river terrace /

3.4.3 Aeolian processes

Longitudinal dune  / Transverse dune / Ripple marks / Sandstorm /

3.4.4 Glacial

Poligonos de permafrost / glacial till, moraine /

3.4.5 Other terrestrial

Salt flats / Soil salinity in arid zones / bogs and peatlands

3.4.5 Coastal

Gravel coastline / rocky coastline  / sand shore / litoral de coquinas / Shallow water - tidal flat /

Historical images

see figures and historical texts on geosciences - sedimentary environment

4. Metamorphic environment

metamorficos pictograma

4.1 Metamorphic Rocks

 

Schists / Phyllites Eclogite   / Skarn of Garnet, "Granatita" /

 

Milonita

5. Structural Geology

tectonica pictograma

5. Tectonic structures

5.1 Joints

Joints 1 / rock type and fracture

5.2 Faults

FaultInversial FaultFault in intrusive rocks  / Falla subhorizontal  / Complex situation (Caos de Puquios)

5.3 Fault indicators

Slickenside 1 / Espejo de fallaFault breccia  Milonita (4.1) / diaclasas plumosas de cizalle /
Indirect indicators: Vegetation and faults /

5.4 Folds

Folds / Folds in schists /

5.5 Disconformities

Angular non-conformity / Disconformitie of Qda. Paipote

5.6 Dikes and veins

Dikes (see magmatic rocks), vetas

5.7 Chronology

Chronology in veins

5.8 Earthquakes

Earthquakes in Atacama: List
Description and photos Copiapó 1918 / Copiapó 1922 /
Burmeister 18591859 Johnstone / Henwood / 1851: Gilliss / Treutler 1851 - earthquakes (general) /

6. Paleontology

paleontologia pictograma

6. The fossils

6.1 Protozoa (unicellular)

Foraminifera

6.2 Coelenterates

Corals: calceola

6.3 Molluscs

Polyplacophora (Apretador)  
Gasteropods: Snails
Cefalopods: Nautiloideas  
Ammonoideas:  CeratitesDactylioceras / Dactylioceras communes / Pseudolioceras /   Amaltheus / Scaphites
Belemnoidea: Belemnites (cretaceous)   /  Belemnitas (Jurassic)  /
lamelibranquios  Bivalves / Gryphaea / Ostreas  /  Modiolus

6.4 Arthropods

Trilobites / Balanos fossil / Balanos actual  /

6.5 Brachyopods

1 (Rhynchonella) / Rhyncho-2 / R. acutecosta  / Stropheodonta (Devonian) / Spirifer (Devonian)  /

6.6 Echinoderms

sea urchin / Crinoid segments / Encrinos /
Saccocoma

6.7 Vertebrates

Fish / Paleoniscus (fish) permian   / Shark Teeth / shark vertebra  /

6.8 Plantas

Wood
Facies de Mina Gabriela (El Transito)
Carboniferous - Plants (Germany): Neuropteris Annularia  / Alethopteris

Historical figures

see more illustrations of fossils in the module of historical images in geosciences.

7. Actualism

 

7. Time past and present

 

Mud crack

8. Mineral Deposit

depositos minerales pictograma

8. Mineralizations / Alterations

8.1 Structures and deposits

Hydrothermal breccias / Pebble Dyke / Stockwerk / Pegmatite / Exotic deposit
Sulphur deposit (volcano)
Vetas / quartz vein

8.2 Secondary minerals:

Epidot / Turmalin / Pyrolusite /
more minerals...

8.3 Alterated Rocks

Sector alterated / Rocks / Alteration and Stockwerk

 

9. Geography - Information about the Atacama Region

9. Maps and Region of Atacama, Chile

9.1 Maps and sectors

Maps  /  Checo de Cobre y Qda. Descubridora

9.2 3-Dimensional Images

Content: 3D images of the Region

 

10. Others: Minerals, history, citations

otro historia pic

10. Others

10.1 Minerals

Minerals / Minerales A-Z  / halite / Bornite / quartz / calcite / Baritinemore

10.2 Historical works

Introduction to Geology / Mineral Deposits / Tektoniks / Palaeontology and fossils / Maps / Atacama / Mining and Mines /

10.3  Geological quotations

Contents / quotations Region Atacama  /  Sedimentology  / Magmatic / Metamorfic / Mineral Deposits  / Plate Tektonics / more

 
Any new publication not authorized by the authors is expressly prohibited. This applies in particular to electronic publications:  Usage guidelines.
previous page of geovirtual

Content Geology
Index of words

next page in geovirtual

linea plateada

 

www.geovirtual2.cl

Geology (spanish)
Apuntes
Apuntes Geología General
Apuntes Geología Estructural
Apuntes Depósitos Minerales
Apuntes Exploraciones Mineras
Periodos y épocas
Módulo de referencias - geología
Índice principal - geología

Virtual museum
Virtual Museum: First page
Geology in photos
Colección virtual de minerales
Sistemática de los animales
Historia de las geociencias
Minería en ilustraciones históricas
Fósiles en dibujos históricos
Autores de trabajos históricos
Índice principal - geología
---
Images of Chile and Atacama

Atacama Region, Chile
Atacama Region / Lugares turísticos
History of Atacama
Mining history of Atacama
Geología de Atacama, Chile
The railroad history of Atacama
Flora Atacama
Animals of the Atacama Desert
Virtual viewpoint Atacama
Atacama in black and white
Road map of Atacama / Imágenes 3-dimensionales
Climate of the Atacama Region
Links Enlaces, Bibliografía & Colección de Libros
List of names and places of Atacama

sitemap - list of all files  - schematic content - Informacion site geovirtual.cl

 

 

 

www.geovirtual2.cl / Museum Virtual / Geology in photos
Recorrido geologico - Geología en fotos

© Dr. Wolfgang Griem, Chile - all rights reserved  (Mail a Wolfgang Griem Uso de las páginas de geovirtual.cl y geovirtual2.cl)
Published: 8.12.2017, updated: 8.12.2017

Mail a Wolfgang Griemmail - Contact
google perfil Wolfgang GriemWolfgang Griem in: Google+
Ver el perfil de Wolfgang Griem en LinkedInSee profile of Wolfgang Griem
mail - Contact
Any new publication not authorized by the authors is expressly prohibited. This applies in particular to electronic publications:  Usage guidelines.
© Wolfgang Griem (2005, 2009) - Todos los derechos reservados - alle Rechte vorbehalten - all rights reserved


Validaciones:
Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional ¡CSS Válido!