Atacama virtual: Englishwww.geovirtual2.cl
Museo Virtual, Chile
W. Griem, 2006 - 2021
Photo Information :
Camera Canon 50D
Lens: 17-70mm | Focal length: 17mm (=27,5/35mm) | Time: 1:250 | ISO100
F: f/9 | Original size: 4752 x 3168 | Date: 2012/02/08/17:09 hrs.
Camera Canon 50D
Lens: 17-70mm | Focal length: 33mm (=52,8/35mm) | Time: 1:160 | ISO100
F: f/9 | Original size: 4752 x 3168 | Date: 2012/02/08/17:37 hrs.
Photo by Robert Gerstmann at 1932: The same houses like above, but without crates of beer . Photo in large, in section: Illustrations from Chile and Atacama
"Pueblo Hundido" ("Sunken Town") was formed by the
mining activities of the sector and as the last oasis before the
deserted "despoblado" Atacama. The name "Sunken Town" (Pueblo Hundido)
probably comes from a natural disaster. Bishop Rafael Valentín
Valdivieso reported a natural catastrophe, with trees overturned and
buried and open cracks. The descriptions seem to be a great mudflow that
obviously buried parts of a mythical village, at least buried large
amounts of vegetation in the area. Climatic conditions, geomorphology
and the drainage system could confirm this fact.
The social life of Pueblo Hundido between 1900 and 1950 looked like a screenplay for a western film: The gang of the pisqueros secured the supply of alcohol inside the mining companies (alcoholic beverages were -as they are today- totally forbidden inside a mining site). This group with their emblematic figures did not enter into verbal discussions with authorities or other gangs......
Espinoza (1895) indicates that in Pueblo Hundido about 265 people lived in 1895. In that year, the railway line only reached "El Salado". But the people have already converted the village to a major mining center. It is worth mentioning that in those times "Pueblo Hundido" was the closest town to the borax deposits of the Salar de Pedernales.
The Pedernales salt flat
Maricunga salt flat
Inca de Oro
Finca Chañaral Alto
Qda. Chañaral Alto
Lavaderos en el río El Salado
Mapa del sector
• ESPINOZA, ENRIQUE (1903): Jeografía Descriptiva de la República de Chile - Arreglada.- Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades; quinta edición; Santiago de Chile. (Collection W. Griem)
• Gerstmann, Robert (1932): Chile – 280 grabados en Cobre. – 280 grabados, cartas; Editorial: Braun & Cie. Editeurs; 18 Rue Louis Le Grand – Paris. (Collection W. Griem)
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