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Museo Virtual, Atacama
W. Griem, 2006 - 2021
Place: Inca de Oro Mining District
Diego de Almagro Commune, Atacama Region
Location (Guias California School) UTM: E405.188 / N70.34.718
Height: 1580m - 2200 m
Location: West of the Inca de Oro village.
Road: 100 kms from Copiapó
State: Active by small scale mining, small enterprises; perhaps abandoned, prospecting
Mineralization: Au (gold) in veins; some Au-Cu mines
The Inca de Oro mining district
is probably the
most remarkable and active historical district in recent times. "Inca de
Oro "is a symbol of small-scale mining. For centuries, the rich gold
veins have been exploited in the southwest of the town, now known as
Inca de Oro.
In 1869 the district officially produced almost 304 kilograms of fine gold per year. The most productive mine at this time was Sebastopol with about 63 kg of fine gold per year.
In 1904 with the arrival of the railway line and its extension 1909 to Copiapó the district was left with a great advantage: to be connected by an efficient and fast means of transport. Unfortunately, the global crisis and mining crisis between 1910 and 1940 hit the district hard.
Many mines are currently in production, usually operated by small companies with a few miners.
Mining activities in the sector depend for a significant part on the price of metal, then some years, the years of good price, you can observe strong activities in the mines, in times of low price the district is almost uninhabited.
In the last two years, the tourism potential of the sector has finally been discovered, and more projects will be carried out in the future.
"Inca de Oro, of Chañaral. Of the production of this mining district [gold] almost half of the production comes from the "Guías de California" mine; the other half is divided in more or less equal parts between the Beatriz mine and the rest of the very numerous, but still little worked mines that this mineral contains. This mineral is one of the few that in its production is increasing by leaps and bounds and is destined to become very important, once its workings are conveniently developed and after the amalgamation and smelting of auriferous shafts, for which last operation the minerals are quite appropriate, are installed in the ore, as the project exists." (Yunge, 1909)
Old mining districts
Mining and Mines
Mining from 1830 to 1920
List of mine districts
► Inca de Oro district
Puquios - Carrera Pinto
más lugares ...
• Sundt, Lorenzo & San Ramón, Francisco (1911): Estudios Jeológicos y Topograficos del Desierto i Puna de Atacama. Vol II (1911): Sociedad Nacional de Minería Vol II. - 405 páginas; Santiago de Chile.
• Yunge, G. (1909): Estadística Minera de Chile 1906 - 1907. - Sociedad Nacional de Minería Vol.3; Imprenta y Litografía "Universo"
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