Atacama virtual: English
www.geovirtual2.cl

History of mining - Atacama Region, Chile

Mine Safety

Mining 1830 - 1920
W. Griem, 2017
Accidente en una mina
Accidente por derrumbo de Simonin

 Introduction to mining history 1830 - 1920

español / deutsch / English

The massification of mining, the increase in the use of machinery and, together with the deepening, the rate of accidents increased. In addition, the consciousness of latent dangers such as gases, dust (silicosis) and others arrived.

The mines at that time were very unsafe according to today's standards, mainly because of a lack of resources but also due to a lack of expertise. In the literature of that time, this topic was often taken up. The French book "La Vie Souterraine du Les Mines et les Mineures" (Paris 1867) shows quite impressively and very drastically the non-compliance with the safety regulations on the part of the miners.  
However, it must be assumed that the miner was very careful to be able to work safely and, if possible, without an accident in the shaft. He knew that rescue was almost impossible in the deep labyrinths of that time, there were hardly any hospitals, they were far away and certainly expensive.
The methods of treatment and medications of the time were, as one might imagine, not always a help. It should have been clear to every miner that only accident prevention protects. Of course, many accidents have been provoked by the lack of technology or poor construction and working materials (ladders, explosives, etc.), but also by a lack of geological knowledge or extremely long working hours.  

It is often mentioned in literature (e. g. Treutler) that in Copiapó a larger number of blind men lived, which is interpreted as an indication of frequent explosions. In addition, the public showed great respect for these people and there was a willing support from the population. (see below *1)

One of the central demands of the miners during this time was therefore to secure the mine. The accidents damaged the miner and his professional future. Mine safety quickly became a central issue in the developing of trade union organization.

Of course, the major mining accidents had a major impact on general security policy. For example, in the Radbod coal mine in 1908, about 348 miners were killed. This accident finally led to a reorientation in occupational safety and a control body was introduced. In Chile, accidents were also frequent in the mines during this period. This is how Paul Treutler describes a blasting accident at the Cobriza mine in Tres Puntas around 1853. Accidente en la mina Cobriza

The European, especially English, influence can easily be recognized by several achievements.
That is reflected in a letter that a miner from Cornwall, England, wrote in a letter to his parents:
"We have got some of the Tuckingmill safety in our mine but I have seen some rope yarn in other mines. The do call it safety fuse it is brought from England the natives is afraid of it."

 

Accidente en una mina
Foto:
Accident: From: "La Vie Souterraine Du Les Mines et les Mineures" (Paris 1867) - Foto grande

 

Literature and Links
Bibliographical reference


TREUTLER, PAUL (1882): Fünfzehn Jahre in Südamerika an de Ufern des Stillen Ozeans. - 3 Bd., Seite 50; Weltpostverlag, Leipzig.

Full letter in English: thanks: Thanks to Sharron P. Schwartz (University of Exeter) - for the permissions.
http://www.ex.ac.uk/cornishlatin/Lettertuckingmillminer.htm

Literatura:
PHILIPPI, RUDOLPH AMANDUS (1860): REISE DURCH DIE WUESTE ATACAMA AUF BEFEHL DER CHILENISCHEN REGIERUNG IM SOMER 1853-54 UNTERNOMMEN UND BESCHRIEBEN. VON DR... NEBST EINER KARTE UND XXVII TAFELN HALLE Eduard Anton 1860

Fuentes:
Historia del Partido Socialdemócrata en Alemania (en alemán)
http://www.dh-museum.com/lemo/html/kaiserreich/innenpolitik/spd2

SIMONIN, L. (1867): La vie Soutterraine ou les mines et les mineurs. - Paris, Libraire de L. Hachette et G.

Mining Atacama
History of Atacama

Picto-Literatura-Atacama

History of mining 1830-1920
Intro epoch 1830-1920
Technical innovations
Scientific innovations
Social conscience
Educational impulse
Mine safety
Globalization
Records of the period::
Gilliss: Apires and barreteros
Work conditions of miners
Los Mineros (Tornero 1872)
Apires y barreteros - Tornero

next page in geovirtual

General Geology:
History of Geosciences

Mining
Historical sketches mining
Chapter "History of Geology"
Historia de las geociencias
Mining history of Atacama
Mining from 1830 to 1920
List of minig districts of Atacama

Mining in Atacama
Chañarcillo
Tres Puntas
Carrizal Alto
Cerro Blanco
Lomas Bayas
Cabeza de Vaca

Visitors and scientists
List of visitors
R.A. Philippi in Atacama
Paul Treutler in Atacama
Charles Darwin, Atacama (1835)
Ignacio Domeyko y Copiapó
Kunz en Copiapó
Hugo Kunz en Chañarcillo
Gilliss Mineros en Chañarcillo

Visitantes y Autores
Listado de Visitantes
R.A. Philippi en Atacama
Paul Treutler en Atacama
Charles Darwin, Atacama (1835)
Ignacio Domeyko y Copiapó
Kunz en Copiapó
Hugo Kunz en Chañarcillo
Gilliss Mineros en Chañarcillo

Additional information
Timeline Atacama
Mining history of Atacama
The railroad history of Atacama
Cartas y Mapas de Atacama
Cartas históricas de Atacama
Listado de personajes de Atacama

Others
The railroad history of Atacama
History of Atacama
Mining history of Atacama
Geología Atacama
Climate of the Atacama Region
Virtual viewpoint Atacama

www.geovirtual2.cl

Any new publication not authorized by the authors is expressly prohibited. This applies in particular to electronic publications:  Usage guidelines.
Previous page in geovirtual. cl History of Atacama Mining - Content Atacama Region
History of Atacama
next page in geovirtual
Linea plateada en www.geovirtual2.cl

www.geovirtual2.cl
Geology (Spanish)
Apuntes
Apuntes Geología General
Apuntes Geología Estructural
Apuntes Depósitos Minerales
Apuntes Exploraciones Mineras
Periodos y épocas
Módulo de referencias - geología
Índice principal - geología
Virtual museum
Virtual Museum: First page
Recorrido geológico
Colección virtual de minerales
Sistemática de los animales
Historia de las geociencias
Minería en ilustraciones históricas
Fósiles en dibujos históricos
Autores de trabajos históricos
Índice principal - geología
---
Images of Chile and Atacama
Atacama Region, Chile
Journey to Atacama / Atacama sightseeing places
History of Atacama
Mining history of Atacama
Geología de Atacama, Chile
The railroad history of Atacama
Flora Atacama
Animals of the Atacama Desert
Virtual viewpoint Atacama / Atacama en b/n
Road - maps / Imágenes 3-dimensionales
Clima de la Región Atacama
Links Atacama, Books & Collection of Books
List of names and places of Atacama
sitemap - list of all files - schematic content - Information site geovirtual.cl

geovirtual2.cl /contenido esquemático / Entrada del Museo virtual / History of Atacama / Mining Atacama / Mining from 1830 to 1920
Mining history of Atacama, Chile
© Dr. Wolfgang Griem, Chile - all rights reserved  (Mail a Wolfgang Griem Uso de las páginas de geovirtual.cl y geovirtual2.cl)
Published: 7.10.2017; updated: 7.10.2017, 15.7.2018
Mail a Wolfgang GriemMail, contact
Ver el perfil de Wolfgang Griem en LinkedInSee perfil Wolfgang Griem
Todos los derechos reservados
Any new publication not authorized by the authors is expressly prohibited. This applies in particular to electronic publications:  Usage guidelines.
© Wolfgang Griem (2005, 2009) - Todos los derechos reservados - alle Rechte vorbehalten - all rights reserved
KW geolog, soluciones en geología y minería - Atacama